"Be curious always! For knowledge will not acquire you; you must acquire it. Sudie Back."
If you walk along St Martins Le Grand in the City of London you will come to Postman's Park, which seems out of place in this busy commercial area. Inside the park was once the old Roman burial ground of Saint Botolph's churchyard. If the gate is open you may go in, where you will find some grave stones stacked by the side. They were moved during the rebuilding of the area after heavy bombing during the Second World War. George Watts was one of Victorian societies most popular and successful artists, his fame increased in 1864 when he married the popular actress Ellen Terry - though this marriage lasted less than a year. His work in general had a high tone of morality, from his works in the Tate and Victoria and Albert museum, and his 'Physical Energy' sculpture in Kensington Gardens. In 1900 he was prompted to take over a wall in Postman's Park near to St Paul's, and then had it filled with delicate tiles honouring 'heroic deeds of self sacrifice.' He died in 1904 with thirteen tiles going up in his life-time. His widow kept adding to them until they ceased with no. 54. There is also a wooden statue of Watts. If you click on the seat below you will see enlarged photos of all the seats, and will be able to read most of them.
Postman's park seats - Click on seat for full seat inscriptions
Stacked up graves in Postman's park
Another hidden corner of London is the street by the name of Cloth Fair, which runs by the side of West Smithfield. It has these two buildings that have survived the Great Fire of London in 1666. The houses at numbers 41 and 42 were built between 1597 and 1614, and was preserved from the Great Fire because of them being enclosed by the wall of the priory.
St Bartholomew's gatehouse that leads to the oldest parish church in London - St Bartholomew-the-Great - was built in the sixteenth century and is where Queen Mary ate chicken and drank red wine while watching Protestant martyrs burn at the stake. It was only when a first World War German Zeppelin bomb in 1916 fell nearby that the tiles to this arch fell off to reveal this Elizabethan half timber fronted house built in 1597.
Front and rear view of the Elizabethan gate house
The Brixton Windmill was built in 1817 and leased to Mr John Ashby. John, his sons and grandson were millers producing stone-ground wholemeal flour. The Ashby family operated the mill, which became known as ‘Ashby's Mill’ for the whole of its working life. By 1862 the surrounding area had become too built up for the windmill to operate efficiently, so the building was used for storage. In 1962, the windmill was acquired by the London County Council. The mill is now owned by Lambeth Borough Council and forms the centrepiece of Windmill Gardens. With nearby Brixton Prison and the very busy Brixton shopping centre, this windmill remains a hidden gem of South London.
Side by side they stand and more than a century apart are these two mile stones. One in the reign of the Prince Regent George the IV and placed in Regents Park - before the architect, Nash, laid it out as a Royal Palace for the Regent, who decided to open it out as a royal park. The other in the reign of Queen Victoria. Regent's Park (including Primrose Hill) covers 487 acres.
Ask any visitor to London what is the biggest clock in London and you will most likely get the answer Big Ben. Big Ben - the official name being St Stephen's Tower - is the most famous of the London clocks. However. the biggest clock face belongs to Shell Mex house in The Strand, once the London head office of the Shell petroleum company, opened in 1933, with a tower rising to over 200 ft and containing the largest clock in London.
They stand on opposite corners of the west window of St Andrews Church, St Andrews Hill. These figures are to be found in various parts of London, on the walls of school buildings. This would mean that this church once had a school for girls and boys. The boy holds a bible in his right hand and a cap in his left.
The girl has a bible in her right hand and what appears to be a shopping bag in the other. She stand looking at the new Sainsbury's head office at Holborn Circus, which has an express shop inside. She has a look of surprise in her eyes as though she has forgotten to buy something that she needed.
William III was in a financial crisis in 1696 due to the wars with Ireland and on the continent. One new idea that was brought in to help pay for the debt was the unpopular window tax. The tax was payable on houses of more than six windows, so the clever tax-dodgers simply got hold of a builder to brick up the other windows. Houses with nine windows would pay 2/- (10p) and ten to nineteen windows the cost was 4/- (20p). In 1851 the window tax was scraped and a new tax called house duty a forerunner to community charge became payable.
The old tramway that passed under the centre of the road in the Kingsway was built in 1906. It was a two way tunnel that took trams down to the Victoria Embankment underneath Waterloo Bridge, where they could go either left to Blackfriars or right to Westminster. The last tram entered the tunnel on 5th of April 1952. Part of the tunnel was opened to cars in 1964 from Waterloo Bridge becoming known as the Strand Underpass, though it ends quite short of the old entrance. It has had various uses like films and storage and still has the tracks left of those bygone days.
Magpie Alley that cuts between Bouverie Street and Whitefriars Street has a hidden treasure, for beneath the railings of a new office development, down in the basement is this 700 year old crypt displayed in a glass case. This is the only remain of the Whitefriars Monastery that has laid hidden for hundreds of years beneath a house, where the vault was used as a coal cellar. This medieval crypt offered sanctuary in the middle ages for thieves, murderers, and prostitutes as the law of those times were afraid to enter this monastic crypt.
The Oxo Tower now a top class London restaurant with superb views across the River Thames of the city of London. Built on an earlier-twentieth-century electric power station and rebuilt in 1920 with its art nouveau design by the Oxo meat and gravy consortium owned by the Liebig meat company. Unable at the time to have outside advertising on such a high tower the inclusion of the clever window design in the Oxo letters was allowed, whereby at night the red background light illuminates the Oxo sign to the London skyline as our picture insert shows.
The Jewel Tower was built in 1365-6 to house jewels and treasures of gold and silver belonging to King Edward III, and is the only surviving building of the ancient private palace of Westminster. It is surrounded by an attractive moat that is fed by the Tyburn during heavy rainfall. It was the southern most end of the palace hence its L shape, other than a treasury it has also been store room for the house of Lords documents, and used by the weights and measures department, and now it is open to the public as a museum.
Outside the Athenaeum Club in Waterloo Place are these strange pair of kerb stones that have stood here for over 170 years with people passing by without a thought. They were placed in this position to allow the Duke of Wellington to both mount and dismount his horse while visiting the Athenaeum club. The Dublin born Iron Duke defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in June, 1815.
One of the most beautiful gas lamppost to remain in use in London is this one in Carting Lane off Savoy Hill, it is one of the last surviving gas lamps to be using gas from effluent in the subterranean sewers.
On the corner of Queen Victoria Street and Huggin Hill is a small open space that is popular with city office workers on a warm sunny day, they can relax with their sandwiches and chill out during their lunch break. The reason for this quite garden retreat! A large Roman bath house once stood here and was fed by a natural spring, with much of this bathing complex still remaining hidden in the basement of the buildings opposite. In the meantime we can still glimpse part of the Roman wall at the bottom of the gardens.
This fine shop doorway complete with area railings with all the elegant beauty of eighteenth-century architecture including a window box displaying summer flowers. As interesting as this corner shop may be, I am drawn to the old sign of Barbon Close W.C.1 where the notice informs that G Bailey and Sons Horse and Motor Contractor were once operating in the rear mews. The wonderful thing about London are these old signs that nobody has considered removing even though the horse drawn day's are long gone.
This wonderful piece of Southbank history had remained hidden until the warehouse building was destroyed in a World War Two Blitz, revealing itself while the warehouse bricks were being removed. The Rose Window part of the lavish fourteenth-century Great Hall that served the Bishops of Winchester as the central feature of their London Palace. Southwark in those day's was full of brothels known as stews, with the famous Rose and Globe theatre's, and bull-baiting just a stones throw away the Bishop's decided to build a prison that became known as the Clink just to the west of the palace. The last Bishop to reside here was Lancelot Andrewes, who died in 1626. In 1642 Cromwell used it to house royalist prisoners, and eventually sold it off to a Camberwell property speculator who broke up the palace leaving the ruin by 1662. If the wall had not been used to support the inner sanctums of a warehouse wall this unique Elizabethan gem would not have survived.
Jacob the Circle Dray Horse.
The famous courage dray horses were stabled on this site from the early nineteenth century and delivered beer around London. From the brewery on Horselydown Lane, by Tower Bridge. In the sixteenth century this area was known as Horselydown which derives its name from Horse-Lie-Down, a thing that they did here before crossing the river at London Bridge to enter the City of London.
In 1811 Daniel Alexander built a warehouse to store tobacco, wines and spirits the warehouse still survives although it had a face lift in the mid eighties when some £30 million was spent to convert this building into a modern shopping mall, although it proved to be a disaster and now remains one of the quietest spots in this vicinity. At the rear of the warehouse are a couple of replica ships the one in our picture is the Three Sisters, that was built a couple of miles away at Blackwall Yard in 1788. It sailed to the East and West Indies with British home made goods and returned with tobacco and rum.
Relics of the old warehouse wall with a few barrels of rum balancing on top.
An old window frame hides a curious bath.
An old window frame hides a curious bath.
At the top of Strand Lane is a curious old window that is purported to house an old Roman Bath. It was certainly here in the seventeenth century that much we do know, though in the preceding years remains a bit of a mystery. It is surrounded by some typical Roman tiles so it could well come from those distant times, however this theory has been dismissed several times by archaeologists.
The view through the cloudy window and a well worn frame of the mysterious bath.
We do know that the bath was once replenished from a small stream said to be Holy Water that came from St Clements well that passes underneath St Clements Danes church in the Strand. What we also know is that the bath was found on the site of Arundel house later to become Norfolk house, home to the Dukes of Norfolk. During the reign of Charles II, Norfolk House was demolished, at which point the underground bath was first exposed. It is thought to have been a covered over water-storage reservoir from its older Arundel House times. The stream that once flowed down Strand Lane was much wider than the lane of today, and the water would run along its path into the Thames. This lane was quite notorious in the 18th century for smugglers hoarding their contraband up the hill from boats tied up on the corner where the Thames once flowed up to present day Temple Place, before the embanked was built.
The Ferryman's Seat Bear Gardens, Bankside.
The Ferryman’s seat along at Bankside near to where Shakespeare’s Globe now stands, has seen rather a lot of comings and goings. Long ago when London had only London bridge to cross over the river, there were many ferrymen waiting to take people from one side of the shore to the other. It would have seen the many “Stews” the old name for brothels that were lined along this side of the river on the South Bank, as well as actors and troubadours that preformed at the Rose and the Globe theatres, with the large crowds that also came from the nearby bear baiting ring. Now set into the side of a modern building in exactly the same spot where the ferrymen rested all that time ago.
The curious stone circle of Mohegan Chief, Mahomet Weyononon remembered at last.
In 1736 Mahomet Weyonomon, a Mohegan Sachem (chief), died in Aldermanbury in the City of London. He was 36 years old. Foreigners could not be buried in the City, so he was carried across the river and buried near St Saviour’s church, now Southwark Cathedral. Mahomet had sailed to London to petition King George II for the return of stolen lands taken by early English settlers. His tribe had helped the first English settlers in New England to survive the bitter cold and repel Indian attacks. Despite support from Queen Anne’s Commissioners in 1705, the lands were not returned. While waiting for an audience with King George II, Captain John Mason and Mahomet contracted smallpox and died. Two hundred and seventy years later a stone was brought from Mohegan lands and carved with forms that reflect ancient tribal customs. The Queen, accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, on the 22nd November 2006 with tribal chairman Bruce Two Dogs Bozsum, whom presented the queen with a red stone peace pipe, and with the U.S Ambassador - symbolically granting the audience Mahomet never received. "Mahomet has his stone now -- and his place in history".
The original street bollards became adapted from the French cannons captured at the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. They were placed on street corners to stop the iron wagon wheels of carts from mounting the kerbs and doing damage. They proved so popular that they adorned many of the London streets and, once the real Cannons were all used up, copies were made and are still to be seen on the streets of London today. They continue to be made today in the same familiar shape, although today’s replacements are now of the plastic variety. The one pictured above however is an original French cannon which stands on the Southbank near to Shakespeare’s Globe.
Being more than fifty miles from the nearest coast and smack bang opposite Kings Cross Station, is this metal lighthouse tower that has puzzled the passing populations for many years, without anyone knowing why it was erected in the first place. Some will tell of the helter-skelter fairground ride that is said to have been here in the early Victorian times. Others claim that the shop below was once an Oyster restaurant and that the lighthouse was added for effect. I have even heard it said that an old seafaring sailor pensioned out of the navy had this eccentric loft conversion built to reminded him of his beloved voyages. Now a listed building that is in a state of disrepair, with the entire building deteriorating faster than a passing ship, something must be done and soon. With the Channel Tunnel main line rail station across the road, and with its direct line to Paris, you would think it could be returned to an oyster bar once again.
North Kensington can boast the only remaining 19th century tile kiln in London. Originally known as the Piggeries and Potteries where high-quality clay was dug from about 1818, and then fired in this very kiln that still stands in Walmer Road. Once known as Cut-throat Lane, Pottery Lane nowadays has properties selling from anything upwards of £500,000. When Samuel Lake, whose rough trade of scavenging and chimney-sweeping compelled him in the early years of the nineteenth century to remove himself from premises in Tottenham Court Road, and set up a business in a more solitary spot here at Nottingdale, where gravel and sand was discovered under the grass, and soon his brick works was making bricks for the wealthy houses being built in North Kensington. The pig-keepers of Tyburnia, present-day Marble Arch and Bayswater Road, soon made use of this district. Meanwhile some sixteen acres of adjoining land to the west were being dug for brick earth by Stephen Bird, one of the principal brick makers in London, who was also a builder active in Kensington; and with the arrival of the potters several of the principal ingredients were soon put together. Many of the workforce employed were Irish labourers who could also turn their hands to bricklaying and building work, and so from this little acorn North Kensington arose.
On the corner of a building almost opposite the Old Curiosity Shop is another amazing curiosity that goes unnoticed by most city dwellers. It is an old metal sign claiming that orders are taken for the dispatch of newspapers, books and magazines to all parts of the world. For this building was from 1929 to 1976 the head quarters of Messer’s W. H Smith & Son and the shrapnel damaged sign that is still attached to the wall is now all that remains to remind us of the business that stood here on the night of the German air raid on the 10th October 1940.
The Nazi swastika embedded onto the wall of the Indian High commission, Bush House in the Aldwych. The motif cast long before the Nazi Party took over German politics during the 1930’s leading to Hitler’s rise to prominence with the Third Reich on the outset of World War II. The swastika was once used as a religious symbol thousands of years ago, and still maintaining reverence in several regions of Asia. It has been found drawn on caves dating from the cavemen times, where it was said to be a symbol of Good Luck. It is only good luck which kept this sign still upon this building throughout the war years and beyond when it was once deemed a fascist icon and protesters called for its removal. It now blends in well with the rest of the motifs along this wall that go largely unnoticed.
Fire marker dated 1768 cast in lead and still surviving in the City of London.
Not long after the Great Fire of London in 1666, it was deemed important to differentiate between houses covered by insurance and those that were not, in order for firemen to battle the fire of insured properties first. In 1697 it is recorded that the Hand-In-Hand Society ordered their treasurer to "pay for two hundredweight of lead eighteen shillings and for ye making of markes for ye Society". Men who went round with ladders to fix them on buildings often charged the clients a fee for their prompt services, otherwise if a fire ensued, and there was no metal mark found, then insurance would not be paid, and properties were not insured until the metal mark was affixed to the outside wall. In the days when address were given as vague directions like "on the south side of the road at Moulsey aforesaid between the Church and the Sign of the Swan", although the house in question was quite a distance from the church, so some form of identification was truly needed to establish the correct insured property. The fixing of plates on insured property gradually died out during the nineteenth century, although one or two companies still continued to do so almost to the turn of the century.
Albert Bridge was once a toll bridge across the River Thames, and was under the jurisdiction of The Albert Bridge Company, whom were responsible for the safe upkeep of this bridge. The company could not afford to maintain the bridge to the proper standards, and so it was taken over by the Metropolitan Board of Works and in 1879 became toll-free. These little tollgate huts that stand on each corner of the bridge on either side of the river, are left intact, they act as a constant reminder that there was once a charge for crossing this bridge.
Like so many of London’s ancient monuments that get overlooked without any signage to reveal as to its former use, is this ancient ruin of King Edward III (1527-79) Manor House. Situated just off Bermondsey Wall East, and opposite the famous Angel public house, this once moated manor house was built in 1353. Standing alongside the banks of the river Thames, with the excavated foundations clearly visible; only now being constantly overlooked by a row of town houses.
The 1706 Sundial that tells the wrong time.
On the south wall of St Kathrine Cree in Leadenhall Street, is a curious triangular arrangement of brass rods, under close inspection proves to be a sundial, with the motto 'Non Sine Lumine'. This was put up in 1706, but over the years this narrow thoroughfare has seen some high buildings opposite. It is therefore only at certain times of day that the dial is able to function correctly.
St Kathrine Cree in Ledenhall Street, the shaded sundial above the notice board.
Site of The Royal Cockpit
Built during the 18th century the Royal Cockpit stood alongside of Birdcage Walk. Cock fighting was first established in Tudor times and was a popular way to make money - as betting was heavy and the sport well regulated. The cocks would have to be of the same height and weight, and with their wings and tails being trimmed. Public opinion was turned against the sport during the 19th century with an Act of Parliament banning cruelty to animals in 1849; thus making cockfighting illegal. The Royal Cockpit itself however was demolished in 1816, although not completely, and these narrow stone steps at Queen Anne’s gate which once led into it still remain.
Once a regular feature in every street, these cast iron coal holes, set into the pavement were used for unloading coal from the cart, direct to the coal cellar; thus preventing the dusty coal sacks being dragged through the house. The design of the coal hatch would vary from house to house and street to street. Their style would generally reflect the household income. The hatches are locked from the inside to prevent them being lifted from the street. They were in use from the early 1800s to the middle 1900s, when the burning of coal was made illegal with the Clean Air Act. The coal hole in our picture, by the way, is from an expensive street in Pimlico.
Loudon's Parents Grave, in the graveyard of Pinner Parish Church, Middlesex.
In this remote churchyard in Pinner stands one of Loudon's lesser known achievements - this most unusual grave-stone which he designed for his father in 1809, with his mother also buried here in 1841. With the stone crib being projected some 50 ft towards heaven, it is a most unusual site and well worth a visit.
John Claudius Loudon (1783–1843). Scottish born agriculturist, encyclopaedist, landscape-gardener, horticulturist, editor of journals, expert on cemeteries, architect and influential critic. Loudon settled in London in 1803. Within only a year after his arrival, his first book 'Observations on the Formation and Management of Useful and Ornamental Plantations, on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening' was published. Over the coming years he became renown for his landscape gardening and architectural work. In 1811 he invented an iron glazing-bar that made curved glazing possible and erected various prototype hot-houses incorporating his structural and other practical ideas. This Loudon invention made the more famous works by Paxton at Chatsworth and then again with London’s Great Exhibition of 1851 - and of course the magnificent Crystal Palace - possible.
Gibson Square’s Temple
The Milner-Gibson family owned property in Theberton in Suffolk after making their fortune from plantations in Trinidad. Major Thomas Gibson died in 1807, leaving a one year old son also Thomas born in Trinidad to develop when old enough their Islington estate. By the time Thomas had reached thirty the building work had already started with Gibson and Milner Squares on his Islington fields.
Thomas Milner-Gibson the younger (1806-84) was also M.P at various times for Ipswich, Manchester and Ashton-under-Lynne, becoming an active anti-Corn law campaigner and President of the Board of Trade.
The plans for Gibson Square were made by Francis Edwards showing the usual layout of central gardens surrounded by railings with locked gates, open to resident key holders only. By the 1930’s the Square had become rather run down and the gardens up-keep was taken over by Islington Council. During World War II the gardens were dug up with air-raid shelters installed. Afterwards it was restored and maintained to its conventional design.
London Transport in 1963 was busy building the Victoria Line and need a ventilation shaft in an open space. As the underground line runs beneath Gibson Square, it was considered a safe bet as the land belonged to the council, and it was thought an easy place to build without any neighbours opposing it. The proposal was to build a fifty foot ventilating tower of a functional unpleasant design. London Transport engineers were in for a big surprise from the now affluent owner-occupiers, who formed a society to fight this development tooth and nail for several years.
It was eventually decided to create a low-rise structure of a simulated temple with Pantheon overtones, designed by Raymond Erith and Quinlan Terry. When completed in 1970 with temple in the front with niches and dome-like mesh roof. Now with the passage of time, the mellowing brick-work has given this air-vent Georgian authenticity.
Crossing over London Bridge from the City of London, where the entrance to London Bridge Railway Station meets with the busy Borough High Street junction, there is a clock which is forever thirteen minutes to twelve. The weeds growing high above this present day Oddbins wine store intermingling with railings and white tiles of this derelict corner of London. If you observe the top of the clock just above the XII (12), you will notice the head complete with horns of a cow. This harps back to past times when a large dairy occupied this site, bringing to London fresh produce from the Kentish Farmers. With the abundance of building development in and around this area, it is a rare pleasure to behold such a rural past.
During the second World War a large amount of civilian metal stretchers were stored ready for a large amount of casualties. After the war there was a problem with how to get rid of this huge amount of ironware. The problem was solved with the need to build more blocks of flats to house the homeless whom had been bombed out. The stretchers became used as railings surrounding these new estates like this one in Bermondsey.
St George the Martyr "Little Dorrit’s" church, giving Bermondsey a black look
The first church of St. George's, Southwark, was probably built at the beginning of the 12th century.
The present church was authorised by Act of Parliament for the Building of Fifty New Churches.
John Price designed the new church, with
the foundation stone laid on St. George's Day, 1734, the main part of the structure was completed by 1735. The grant from the Commissioners proved inadequate to cover the cost of furnishing the church and in 1735 a rate of 1 shilling in the pound was levied to set up the old organ, provide a clock, font, etc. The church was opened in 1736, when numbered pew seats were allotted to 404 parishioners and their families. The clock with four dials in the steeple was made by George Clarke of Whitechapel for £90 in 1738.
The clock is unusual in that one of its four faces is never illuminated and painted black. This came about because it faced the parish of Bermondsey, and when the church was asking for the 1 shilling donations from surrounding parishes, Bermondsey never gave a penny.
Dog And Pot
On the corner of Union Street and Blackfriars Road, just opposite TfL HQ at Palestra House, you might have noticed an effigy of a dog licking inside a pot.
The replica is from a distinctive shop sign known to Charles Dickens and was erected as part of the celebrations for the writer's bicentenary in 2012.
The 'dog and pot' once situated outside where Rowland Hill House now stands, opposite Palestra House. The original sign belonged to an ironmonger's J. W Cunningham & Co of 196 Blackfriars Road and was mounted on a bracket that projected from the corner, between the 18th century until 1931.
Dickens passed it regularly in the 1820s as he walked home from his work in a blacking factory at Charing Cross to his lodging in Lant Street. The 'dog and pot' image was also depicted on coal plates that were made in Union Street.
The sign is referred to by Dickens in a letter he wrote to his friend and biographer John Forster in 1847 which features in the book The Life of Charles Dickens. He wrote: "My usual way home was over Blackfriars Bridge and down that turning in the Blackfriars Road which has Rowland Hill's Chapel on one side and the likeness of a golden dog licking a golden pot over a shop door on the other."
The sculpture is an exact replica of the original sign, (the original fine brass and wood sign was sold in 1931 and is now on display in Southwark's Cuming Museum) carved in wood, and stands on a bracket which is mounted on a tall, reclaimed Victorian lamppost.
An inscription incised in stone on the ground in front of the post stands in a circular area defined by Victorian-style railings, with the gardens of Nelson Square behind.
I wonder if the bird perched on the dogs back realises what the dickens it’s doing here! I must admit it looks so much better than the CCTV camera mounted almost opposite!
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